Urinary incontinence is a medical condition where the involuntary loss of urine occurs because of poor bladder control.
This condition can significantly affect a person’s quality of life as it can cause embarrassment, discomfort and inconvenience. Urinary incontinence affects approximately 20% of females and can be caused by various factors.
Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence:
The most common symptom is the involuntary leakage of urine, but other symptoms may include:
- Frequent urination
- Urgency to urinate
- Dribbling of urine
- Difficulty in initiating urination
- Pain during urination
- Waking up frequently at night to urinate
Types of Urinary Incontinence:
There are various types of urinary incontinence, including stress, urge, overflow, mixed, and functional incontinence.
This type of urinary incontinence is caused by the weakening the pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder and urethra. Stress incontinence is prevalent in women who have experienced pregnancy, childbirth, or menopause.
Urge incontinence is characterized by the sudden and intense urge to urinate, even when the bladder is not full. Certain medical conditions and infections can cause urge incontinence, and neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis can also be the cause.
Overflow urinary incontinence occurs when the bladder is empty, causing it to become overly full and leak. Weak bladder muscles, an enlarged prostate or a narrowing of the urethra can cause this type of urinary incontinence.
Mixed incontinence is a combination of stress and urge incontinence.
Functional incontinence happens when the person cannot reach the toilet in time because of physical or mental impairment.
Causes of Urinary Incontinence
Various factors can contribute to urinary incontinence, including:
- Certain neurological disorders
- Bladder or urinary tract infections
- Some medications
Prevention Measures for Urinary Incontinence:
There are some steps you can take to reduce the risk of developing urinary incontinence:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid bladder irritants (such as caffeine, alcohol, and acidic foods)
- Eat a balanced and nutrient-rich diet
- Practice pelvic floor muscle exercises
Treatment Options for Urinary Incontinence:
Several treatment options are available for urinary incontinence, depending on its type and severity. Some of the treatments are:
- Behavioral techniques (such as bladder training and timed voiding)
- Medications (such as antimuscarinics, mirabegron and topical estrogens)
- Vaginal devices (such as pessaries)
- Neuromodulation (such as sacral nerve stimulation)
- Surgery (such as urethral slings and bladder neck suspension)
Get in Touch:
If you are suffering from urinary incontinence, discussing your symptoms with a qualified gynecologist is vital. Dr. Supriya Puranik is a leading gynecologist and infertility and IVF expert in Pune.
With her extensive experience and expertise, she can provide you with the best possible advice and treatment options.
Don’t suffer in silence; schedule a consultation today to address your urinary incontinence and get back to enjoying a full and comfortable life.
Dr. Supriya Puranik
Gynaecologist & IVF Specialist
Often known as the last glimmer of hope for people who have lost all hope for conceiving a child, Dr. Supriya Puranik is a leading gynaecologist, high-risk obstetrician and Head of IVF & Gynaecology department at Ankura Hospital, Pune
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Dr. Supriya Puranik’s mam is very sweet person I have ever met. She is very caring, her ever smiling face always gives you positive wives. Staff is also very helpful and care taking during delivery, the best hospitality service I would say…
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