Understanding the Causes of UTIs in Women: A Medical Perspective
Urinary Tract Infections, commonly referred to as UTIs, are a prevalent health issue faced by women worldwide. Often occurring after adolescence, UTIs become more frequent due to increased sexual activity among other factors.
In this blog, we’ll shed light on the causes of UTIs in women and provide you with valuable tips to reduce the risk of these infections.
Tips to stay away from Urinary Tract Infection
Hydration: Your First Line of Defense:
The first step to prevent UTIs is to maintain a high water intake. More water means more urine production, which in turn facilitates the flushing out of bacteria from the urinary tract. This reduces the chances of bacterial infection, a leading cause of UTIs.
Therefore, don’t forget to drink ample water throughout the day; it’s not just good for your overall health, but particularly beneficial in preventing UTIs.
Regular Urination: A Simple Yet Crucial Practice
Avoid holding urine for prolonged periods, specifically more than 3-4 hours. When urine remains in your bladder for extended periods, it creates a favourable environment for bacteria to multiply.
This can increase the risk of UTIs. Regular urination is a straightforward and practical step towards minimising UTI risks.
Hygiene Post-Interourse: An Essential Precaution
Maintaining hygiene before and after sexual intercourse is another crucial preventive measure. Ensure that you clean and wash properly and make it a habit to urinate after intercourse.
Urination helps in flushing out any potential infectious agents that might have been introduced during intercourse.
Barrier Methods: Safeguard Against UTIs
If you’re not trying to conceive, using barrier contraceptives like condoms can significantly reduce the risk of UTIs. Barrier methods can prevent the transmission of bacteria during intercourse, thereby reducing UTI risk.
Regular Health Checks: The Connection Between UTIs and Blood Sugar Levels
If you experience recurrent UTIs, consider getting a blood sugar test. High blood sugar levels can impair your immune system’s response to infections, leading to a higher susceptibility to UTIs.
Regular health checks can help you manage underlying conditions and prevent recurrent UTIs.
Genital Hygiene: The Right Way to Clean
When it comes to genital hygiene, always remember that less is more. Clean your vagina with water only, avoiding the use of deodorants or specialized washes.
These products can disrupt the natural bacterial balance in the genital area, potentially leading to infections and subsequent UTIs.
Public Restrooms: A Potential Source of Infection
Public restrooms can be a hotspot for bacteria and infectious agents. If you’re using a public toilet, make sure to disinfect it properly before use. This simple act can significantly reduce your chances of contracting a UTI.
Stay Informed, Stay Healthy
Understanding the causes of UTIs and taking the necessary precautions can substantially lower your risk of developing these infections. It’s all about maintaining proper hygiene, adopting healthy habits, and staying informed about your health.
If you have further questions or need more advice on preventing UTIs, don’t hesitate to reach out to a healthcare professional. Remember, when it comes to your health, you are your first and best advocate.
Dr. Supriya Puranik
Gynaecologist & IVF Specialist
Often known as the last glimmer of hope for people who have lost all hope for conceiving a child, Dr. Supriya Puranik is a leading gynaecologist, high risk obstetrician and Head of IVF & Gynaecology department at Ankura Hospital for Women & Children.