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Myths and Facts About Male Infertility

Over the years, I have observed a disturbing trend as a practicing gynecologist – the prevalence of myths and misunderstandings surrounding male infertility. This misinformation can often lead to undue stress, strained relationships, and ineffective treatment strategies. Therefore, it is crucial to dispel these myths and shed light on the scientific facts about male infertility.

myths and facts about male infertility

Myths Surrounding Male Infertility

Infertility is solely a female issue

One of the most persistent misconceptions about infertility is that it is exclusively a woman’s problem. This myth unfortunately absolves men from taking responsibility and seeking help when conception becomes a challenge. However, scientific evidence paints a different picture.

Research indicates that male factors contribute to about 40-50% of all infertility cases. Hence, infertility is not just a woman’s problem; it’s a shared concern for the couple.


Age doesn’t affect male fertility

While it’s true that men continue to produce sperm throughout their life, unlike women who have a finite number of eggs, age does indeed impact male fertility. Studies show that male fertility starts to decline around the age of 40, with a more significant drop after 50. This decline is due to a decrease in sperm quality and quantity, along with other age-related health issues that can affect reproductive function.


Tight underwear causes infertility

The belief that wearing tight underwear leads to infertility has been around for quite some time. The theory is that tight underwear increases the temperature in the scrotum, thereby affecting sperm production.

However, while it’s true that excessive heat can affect sperm production, the impact of clothing on fertility is relatively minimal. The focus should be more on overall lifestyle habits that significantly influence reproductive health.

Facts About Male Infertility

Lifestyle factors and their impact on sperm health

Lifestyle choices significantly affect male fertility. Smoking, for instance, can reduce sperm count and damage DNA in sperm. Excessive alcohol consumption can also negatively impact sperm quality and hormone production. On a positive note, regular exercise can enhance fertilityby improving sperm parameters and boosting testosterone levels. 

Nutrition and its crucial role in male fertility

Nutrition plays a pivotal role in male fertility. A balanced diet rich in specific nutrients such as antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals can enhance sperm health.

Foods like fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats provide these essential nutrients. For example, antioxidants like vitamin C and E, selenium, and zinc help protect sperm from oxidative stress, thereby improving their function and reducing DNA damage.

The significance of regular health check-ups

Regular health check-ups are crucial in identifying and managing potential health issues that can affect fertility. Conditions like diabetes, thyroid disorders, or hormonal imbalances can all have a detrimental effect on sperm production and overall fertility. Regular consultations with trusted gynecologists can ensure these conditions are managed effectively, thus improving fertility.

Also Read: Fertility concerns and preservation for men

Strategies for Boosting Male Fertility

Lifestyle changes for enhanced fertility

Improving one’s lifestyle can significantly enhance fertility. Stress management, for instance, is key. High stress levels can lead to hormonal imbalances, which may affect sperm production. Techniques such as yoga, meditation, and mindfulness can significantly reduce stress levels. Adequate sleep is another crucial factor; lack of quality sleep has been linked to reduced semen quality   


Nutrition tips for optimal sperm production

Incorporating foods rich in antioxidants and other vital nutrients into your diet can significantly improve sperm health. Berries, nuts, seeds, lean proteins, and healthy fats are all excellent choices. Staying hydrated is also crucial for maintaining optimal sperm health.


Science-backed strategies for healthy sperm

Adopting scientifically proven strategies for enhancing fertility can make a significant difference. Regular exercise, avoiding exposure to environmental toxins, maintaining a balanced lifestyle, and seeking timely medical advice are all part of this strategy.

Also Read: Natural Ways To Improve Sperm Quality


 Understanding the facts about male infertility and dispelling the myths is the first step towards addressing this issue effectively. Acknowledging that men play an equally important role in conception is vital.

 If you’re facing fertility challenges, don’t hesitate to seek help. Reach out to experienced gynecologists like Dr. Supriya Puranik who can provide guidance based on years of experience and a deep understanding of reproductive health. 

Remember, every step taken towards a healthier lifestyle is a step towards improved fertility. With the right knowledge and approach, overcoming fertility challenges becomes a more achievable goal.

Read More: How to choose fertility clinic?

  • About Author

    Dr. Supriya Puranik

    Gynaecologist & IVF Specialist

Often known as the last glimmer of hope for people who have lost all hope for conceiving a child, Dr. Supriya Puranik is a leading gynaecologist, high risk obstetrician and Head of IVF & Gynaecology department at Ankura Hospital for Women & Children.

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